Beginner's Guide

Beginner’s Guide – Raw Feeding Options

There are two methods that people choose to follow when feeding a raw diet to their dog – the PMR model and the BARF model. These models are explained below.


The prey model raw method of feeding focuses on providing a diet as close to the dogs’ natural prey diet. As vegetables and fruit are not required for optimal nutrition for dogs they are not included in this model.

A PMR diet should include:

  • 80% Muscle Meat
  • 10% Edible Bones
  • 5% Liver
  • 5% Other Organs
PMR – Franken Prey

The Franken Prey method of feeding follows the same ratios as PMR, however a variety of protein types are used in one meal. An example may include beef as the muscle meat, kangaroo rib bones, pork liver and lamb kidneys.

PMR – Whole Prey

The whole prey method also follows the same ratios as PMR, however whole animals, including feathers/fur and gizzards are provided intact. Animals such as rabbit, duck, quail and fish can all be fed as whole prey.

A ‘franken prey’ or ‘whole prey’ method, or a combination of both can be used when feeding a PMR diet.


The BARF model of raw feeding differs from PMR as it includes fruit and vegetables. A complete BARF diet consists of:

  • 70% Muscle Meat
  • 10% Edible Bones
  • 5% Liver
  • 5% Other Organs
  • 10% Vegetables and Fruit (no more than 3% should be fruit)
Dog’s lack the teeth, digestive enzymes, jaw structure and digestive tract length to absorb nutrients from fruits and vegetables. To maximise the absorption of nutrients from fruits and vegetables these items should be lightly steamed, pureed or fermented before feeding. If you can see the fruit and vegetables it is potentially not able to be digested.
To ensure nutritional requirements are met, the total diet should not include any more than 10% maximum fruit and vegetable content.
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